What is blood sugar
Blood sugar is the main sugar found in our blood which comes from the food we eat.
Blood sugar is our body main source of energy because our blood carries this sugar to all our body cells and provides nutrients to the body’s organs, muscles and nervous system.
The absorption, storage and production of glucose is regulated constantly by complex processes involving the small intestine, liver and pancreas.
The blood sugar is gotten through the consumption of Carbohydrates and it enters the bloodstream.
The pancreas also produces a hormone called glucagon, which does the opposite of insulin, raising blood sugar levels when needed.
But when the blood sugar level become too high over time having too much glucose in your blood can cause serious problems like Diabetes
Even if you don’t have diabetes, sometimes you may have problems with blood sugar that is too low or too high. Keeping a regular schedule of eating, activity can help.
If you do have diabetes, it is very important for you to keep your blood sugar numbers in your target range.
You may need to check your blood sugar several times daily. Your health care provider will also run a blood test called an A1C to checks your average blood sugar level over the past three months.
If your blood sugar is too high, you may need to take medicines or follow a special diet prescribed by your doctor.
However the endocrine system also helps keep check of the bloodstream’s sugar levels in check using the pancreas. This organ produces the hormone insulin, which is realize after the consumption of protein or carbohydrates and the insulin sends excess glucose in the liver as glycogen.
When the body needs more sugar in the bloodstream, the glucagon signals the liver to turn the glycogen back into glucose and release it into the bloodstream. This process is called glycogenolysis.
When there is not enough sugar to go around, the liver hoards the resource for the parts of the body that need it, including the brain, red blood cells and parts of the kidney.
However for the rest of the body, the liver makes ketones which breaks down fat to be use as fuel. The process of turning fat into ketones is called ketogenesis.
The liver can also make sugar out of other things in the body, like the amino acids, waste products and other fat byproducts.
Normal blood sugar
For most people, 80 milligrams to 99 milligrams of sugar per deciliter before a meal and 80 milligrams to 140 milligrams per deciliter after a meal is normal.
It recommended that non pregnant adults with diabetes should have 80 milligrams to 130 milligrams per deciliter before a meal and less than 180 milligrams per deciliter at 1 to 2 hours after beginning the meal.
These variations in blood-sugar levels, both before and after meals, reflect the way that the body absorbs and stores glucose. After you eat, your body breaks down the carbohydrates in the food into smaller parts, including glucose, which the small intestine can absorb.
Diabetes happens when the body lacks insulin or because the body is not working effectively.
The disorder can be linked to many causes, including obesity, diet and family history.
To diagnose diabetes, you have to run an oral glucose-tolerance test.
Cells may develop a tolerance to insulin, making it necessary for the pancreas to produce and release more insulin to lower your blood sugar levels by the required amount.
Eventually, the body can fail to produce enough insulin to keep up with the sugar coming into the body.
Keeping blood sugar in control
Healthy individuals can keep their blood sugar at the appropriate levels using the following methods:
Maintaining a healthy weight
Talk with a competent health care professional about what an ideal weight for you should be before starting any kind of weight loss program.
Look for and select whole, unprocessed foods, like fruits and vegetables, instead of highly processed or prepared foods. Foods that have a lot of simple carbohydrates, like cookies and crackers, that your body can digest quickly tend to spike insulin levels and put additional stress on the pancreas. Also, avoid saturated fats and instead opt for unsaturated fats and high-fiber foods. Consider adding nuts, vegetables, herbs and spices to your diet.
A brisk walk for 30 minutes a day can greatly reduce blood sugar levels and increase insulin sensitivity.
Getting mineral levels checked
Research also shows that magnesium plays a vital role in helping insulin do its job. So, in addition to the other health benefits it provides, an adequate magnesium level can also reduce the chances of becoming insulin-tolerant.
Get insulin levels checked
Many doctors simply test for blood sugar and perform an A1C test, which primarily detects prediabetes or type 2 diabetes. Make sure you also get insulin checks.